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Industrial Hemp: A New Crop with New Uses for North America*

 

Reprinted from: Trends in new crops and new uses. 2002. J. Janick

and A. Whipkey (eds.). ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA.

 

Industrial Hemp: A New Crop with New Uses for North America*

Ernest Small and David Marcus

 

“Hemp” refers primarily to Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae), although the term has been applied to dozens of species representing at least 22 genera, often prominent fiber crops. For examples, Manila hemp (abaca) is Musa textilis Née, sisal hemp is Agave sisalina Perrine, and sunn hemp is Crotolaria juncea L Especially confusing is the phrase “Indian hemp,” which has been used both for narcotic Asian land races of C. sativa (so-called C. indica Lamarck of India) and Apocynum cannabinum L., which was used by North American Indians as a fiber plant.

 

Cannabis sativa is a multi-purpose plant that has been domesticated for

bast (phloem) fiber in the stem, a multi-purpose fixed oil in the “seeds” (achenes), and an intoxicating resin

secreted by epidermal glands. The common names hemp and marijuana (much less frequently spelled marihuana) have been applied loosely to all three forms, although historically hemp has been used primarily for the fiber cultigen and its fiber preparations, and marijuana for the drug cultigen and its drug preparations.

 

The current hemp industry is making great efforts to point out that “hemp is not marijuana.” Italicized, Cannabis refers to the biological name of the plant (only one species of this genus is commonly recognized, C. sativa L.). Non-italicized, “cannabis” is a generic abstraction, widely used as a noun and adjective, and commonly (often loosely) used both for cannabis plants and/or any or all of the intoxicant preparations made from them.

 

Probably indigenous to temperate Asia, C. sativa is the most widely cited example of a “camp follower.”

It was pre-adapted to thrive in the manured soils around man’s early settlements, which quickly led to its

domestication (Schultes 1970). Hemp was harvested by the Chinese 8500 years ago (Schultes and Hofmann

1980). For most of its history, C. sativa was most valued as a fiber source, considerably less so as an intoxicant, and only to a limited extent as an oilseed crop.

 

Hemp is one of the oldest sources of textile fiber, with extant remains of hempen cloth trailing back 6 millennia. Hemp grown for fiber was introduced to western Asia and Egypt, and subsequently to Europe somewhere between 1000 and 2000 BCE. Cultivation in Europe became widespread after 500 CE. The crop was first brought to South America in 1545, in Chile, and to North America in Port Royal, Acadia in 1606. The hemp industry flourished in Kentucky, Missouri, and Illinois between 1840 and 1860 because of the strong demand for sailcloth and cordage (Ehrensing 1998).

 

From the end of the Civil War until 1912, virtually all hemp in the US was produced in Kentucky. During World War I, some hemp cultivation occurred in several states, including Kentucky, Wisconsin, California, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, Kansas, and Iowa (Ehrensing 1998). The second world war led to a brief revival of hemp cultivation in the Midwest, as well as in Canada, because the war cut off supplies of fiber (substantial renewed cultivation also occurred in Germany for the same reason).

 

Until the beginning of the 19th century, hemp was the leading cordage fiber. Until the middle of the 19th century, hemp rivaled flax as the chief textile fiber of vegetable origin, and indeed was described as “the king of fiber-bearing plants,—the standard by which all other fibers are measured” (Boyce 1900).

 

Nevertheless, the Marihuana Tax Act applied in 1938 essentially ended hemp production in the United States, although a small hemp fiber industry continued in Wisconsin until 1958. Similarly in 1938 the cultivation of Cannabis became illegal in Canada under the Opium and Narcotics Act.

Hemp, grown under license mostly in Canada, is the most publicized “new” crop in North America.

Until very recently the prohibition against drug forms of the plant prevented consideration of cultivation of

fiber and oilseed cultivars in Canada. However, in the last 10 years three key developments occurred:

 

(1) much-publicized recent advances in the legal cultivation of hemp in western Europe, especially for new valueadded

products;

 

(2) enterprising farmers and farm groups became convinced of the agricultural potential of

hemp in Canada, and obtained permits to conduct experimental cultivation; and

 

(3) lobby groups convinced the government of Canada that narcotic forms of the hemp plant are distinct and distinguishable from fiber

and oilseed forms.

 

In March 1998, new regulations (under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act) were provided to allow the commercial development of a hemp industry in Canada, and since then more than a thousand licenses have been issued. Hectares licensed for cultivation for 1998–2001 were respectively, 2,500, 14,200, 5,487, and 1,355, the decreasing trend due to a glut of seed produced in 1999 and pessimism over new potential regulations barring exports to the US. Information on the commercial potential of hemp in Canada is

in Blade (1998), Marcus (1998), and Pinfold Consulting (1998). In the US, a substantial trade in hemp products has developed, based on imports of hemp fiber, grain, and oil.

 

The American agricultural community has observed this, and has had success at the state level in persuading legislators of the advisability of experimental hemp cultivation as a means of evaluating the wisdom of re-establishing American hemp production.

 

However, because of opposition by the federal government, to date there has only been a small experimental plot in Hawaii. Information on the commercial potential of hemp in the US is presented in the following. Cannabis sativa is extremely unusual in the diversity of products for which it is or can be cultivated.

 

Popular Mechanics magazine (1938) touted hemp as “the new billion dollar crop,” stating that it “can be used to produce more than 25,000 products, ranging from dynamite to Cellophane.” Table 1 presents the principal products for which the species is cultivated in Europe, all of which happen to be based on fiber. This presentation stresses the products that hold the most promise for North America, which also include a considerable range of oilseed applications

 

(Table 2; Fig. 1).

 

BASIC CATEGORIES OF CANNABIS AND THEIR FIELD ARCHITECTURE

 

Cannabis sativa is an annual wind-pollinated plant, normally dioecious and dimorphic, although sometimes

monoecious (mostly in several modern European fiber cultivars). Figure 2 presents the basic morphology

of the species. Some special hybrids, obtained by pollinating females of dioecious lines with pollen from

 

Table 1. Hemp fiber usage in the European Union in 1999 (after Karus et al. 2000).

 

Quantity consumed     Relative   Class of product                (tonnes)     percentage

Specialty pulp (cigarette paper, bank notes, technical filters,     24,882     87

and hygiene products)

Composites for autos                                                                  1,770     6

Construction & thermal insulation materials                                1,095     4

Geotextiles                                                                                  234     0.8

Other                                                                                           650     2.2

Total                                                                                         26,821     100

 

Table 2. Analysis of commercial Cannabis product potential in North America in order of decreasing value

toward the right and toward the bottom.

Female floral            Whole

“Seeds” (achenes)            Long (“bark”) fiber                 Woody stem core          (perigonal) bract           plant

 

Confectionary, baked       Plastic-molded products          Animal bedding              Medicinal                  Alcohol

goods                               Specialty papers                     Thermal insulation         cannabinoids              Fuel

Salad oil                          Construction fiberboard              Construction               Essential oil (for         Silage

Body care                        Biodegradable landscape       (fiberboard, plaster        flavor & perfume)

“cosmetics”                      matting & plant culture                board, etc.)                Insect repellant

Animal food (whole          products

seeds for birds, press-      Coarse textiles (carpets,

cake for mammalian          upholstery)

livestock)                          Fine textiles

Gamma-linolenic acid

dietary supplements

Specialty industrial oils

 

monoecious plants, are predominantly female (so-called “all-female,” these generally also produce some hermaphrodites and occasional males). All-female lines are productive for some purposes (e.g. they are very

uniform, and with very few males to take up space they can produce considerable grain), but the hybrid seed is expensive to produce. Staminate or “male” plants tend to be 10%–15% taller and are less robust than the

pistillate or “female” (note the comparatively frail male in Fig. 3). So prolific is pollen production that an

isolation distance of about 5 km is usually recommended for generating pure-bred foundation seed.

 

A “perigonal bract” subtends each female flower, and grows to envelop the fruit. While small, secretory, resin-producing glands occur on the epidermis of most of the above-ground parts of the plant, the glands are very dense and productive on the perigonal bracts, which are accordingly of central interest in marijuana varieties. The root is a laterally branched taproot, generally 30–60 cm deep, up to 2.5 m in loose soils, very near the surface and more branched in wet soils.

 

Extensive root systems are key to the ability of hemp crops to exploit deep supplies of nutrients and water. The stems are erect, furrowed, and usually branched, with a woody interior, and may be hollow in the internodes. Although the stem is often woody, the species is frequently referred to as a herb or forb. Plants vary enormously in height depending on genetic constitution and environment (Fig. 4), but are typically 1–5 m (heights of 12 m or more in cultivation have been claimed).

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HEMP: Industrial Hemp Facts 1 – 10

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HEMP: Industrial Hemp Facts 1 – 10

By Alan D. Bryan

 


1. INDUSTRIAL HEMP FOR FUEL:

About 6% of contiguous United States land area put into cultivation for biomass could supply all current demands for oil and gas. Very few people know what “biomass conversion” or “pyrolysis” mean–not only in terms of their dictionary definitions, but in terms of what they mean as alternative sources of energy, to the limited, expensive and dirty petro-chemical, nuclear, or coal sources. The only reason the U.S.– and every other nation on earth–can’t once again become energy independent and smog free is because people are not educated concerning the facts about solutions to the environment/energy “crisis” continuously lamented and tepidly addressed “leaders”, claiming they are the best informed to decide what to do. The knowledge exists right now for our lifeline to the future and the health and well-being of the Seventh Generation yet unborn. Everyone of us must learn about this existent lifeline and teach everyone else we know what the facts are the way out of the current “crisis”.

INDUSTRIAL HEMP IS THE NUMBER ONE biomass producer on earth: 10 tons per acre in approximately four months. It is a woody plant containing 77% cellulose. Wood producers 60% cellulose. This energy crop can be harvested with equipment readily available. It can be “cubed” by modifying cubing equipment. This

method condenses the bulk, reducing trucking costs from the field to the pyrolysis reactor. And the biomass cubes are ready for conversion.

Industrial Hemp is drought resistant, making it an ideal crop in the dry western regions of the country. Industrial Hemp is the only biomass resource capable of making America energy independent and our government outlawed it in 1938.

The argument against industrial hemp production does not hold up to scrutiny: Industrial hemp grown for biomass makes very poor grade marijuana. The 20-40 million Americans who smoke marijuana would loath to smoke industrial hemp grown for biomass, so a farmer’s industrial hemp biomass crop is worthless as marijuana.

Excerpt from Herer “Emperor Wears No Clothes” 1991 edition p. 136

Here you can read the rest of INDUSTRIAL HEMP: Industrial Hemp Facts 1 – 10

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Industrial Hemp ~ Washington ~ May 12, 2011 ~ Senate Bill In Support of Industrial Hemp Farming

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Industrial Hemp ~ Washington ~ May 12, 2011 ~ Senate  Bill  In  Support  of  Industrial  Hemp  Farming

By Vote Hemp

Published: Thursday, May. 12, 2011 – 7:21 am

WASHINGTON, May 12, 2011 — Senate  Bill  In  Support  of  Industrial  Hemp  Farming  Expected  to  Follow

WASHINGTON, May 12, 2011 /PRNewswire-US Newswire/ — For  the  fourth  time  since  the  federal  government  outlawed  hemp  farming  in  the  United  States  over  50  years  ago,  a  federal  bill  was  introduced  on  May  11,  which  if  passed,  will  remove  restrictions  on  the  cultivation  of  industrial  hemp,  the  non-drug  oilseed  and  fiber  varieties  of  Cannabis.  The  chief  sponsor,  Rep.  Ron  Paul  (R-TX)  circulated  a  “Dear  Colleague”  letter  last  week  seeking  support  for  H.R.  1831,  The  Industrial  Hemp  Farming  Act  of  2011.  H.R.  1831  is  almost  identical  to  H.R.  1866,  which  was  introduced  in  the  111th  Congress  in  2009.

“We  are  pleased  to  see  the  re-introduction  of  the  Industrial  Hemp  Farming  Act  in  Congress.  Vote  Hemp  is  currently  working  with  a  Democratic  Senator  who  is  preparing  to  introduce  companion  legislation  in  the  Senate  in  support  of  industrial  hemp  farming,”  says  Vote  Hemp  President,  Eric  Steenstra.  “It  is  due  time  for  the  Senate  as  well  as  President  Obama  and  the  Attorney  General  to  prioritize  the  crop’s  benefits  to  farmers  and  to  take  action  like  Rep.  Paul  and  the  cosponsors  of  H.R.  1831  have  done.  With  the  U.S.  hemp  industry  valued  at  over  $400  million  in  annual  retail  sales  and  growing,  a  change  in  federal  policy  to  allow  hemp  farming  would  mean  instant  job  creation,  among  many  other  economic  and  environmental  benefits,”  adds  Steenstra.

U.S.  companies  that  manufacture  or  sell  products  made  with  hemp  include  Dr.  Bronner’s  Magic  Soaps,  a  California  company  that  manufactures  the  number-one-selling  natural  soap  in  the  U.S.  as  well  as  best-selling  hemp  food  manufacturers,  such  as  French  Meadow  Bakery,  Living  Harvest,  Manitoba  Harvest,  Nature’s  Path,  Nutiva  and  Sequel  Naturals  who  make  their  products  from  hemp  grown  in  Canada.  Sustainable  hemp  seed,  fiber  and  oil  are  also  used  by  major  companies  such  as  Ford  Motors,  Patagonia  and  The  Body  Shop.

“Public  support  for  industrial  hemp  farming  is  growing  in  leaps  and  bounds  in  the  U.S.,”  explains  Steenstra.  “The  second  annual  Hemp  History  Week,  celebrated  from  May  2-8,  2011  featured  over  550  events  in  all  50  states.  The  campaign  mobilized  the  support  of  tens  of  thousands  of  consumers,  grass-roots  activists  and  many  high-profile  celebrities  from  health  and  wellness  experts  to  TV  and  entertainment  personalities,  professional  athletes  and  renowned  musicians.”

H.R.  1831  was  introduced  by  chief  sponsor  Rep.  Ron  Paul  (R-TX)  with  21  original  cosponsors,  including  Rep.  Baldwin  (D-WI),  Rep.  Blumenauer  (D-OR),  Rep.  Clay  (D-MO),  Rep.  Cohen  (D-TN),  Rep.  DeFazio  (D-OR),  Rep.  Ellison  (D-MN),  Rep.  Farr  (D-CA),  Rep.  Frank  (D-MA),  Rep.  Grijalva  (D-AZ),  Rep.  Hinchey  (D-NY),  Rep.  McClintock  (R-CA),  Rep.  McDermott  (D-WA),  Rep.  Miller  (D-CA),  Rep. Moran  (D-VA),  Rep.  Nadler  (D-NY),  Rep.  Pingree  (D-ME),  Rep.  Polis  (D-CO),  Rep.  Rohrabacher  (R-CA),  Rep.  Schakowsky  (D-IL),  Rep.  Stark  (D-CA)  and  Rep.  Woolsey  (D-CA).

To  date,  seventeen  states  have  passed  pro-hemp  legislation,  and  six  states  (Maine,  Montana,  North  Dakota,  Oregon,  Vermont  and  West  Virginia)  have  already  authorized  the  licensing  of  farmers  to  grow  the  crop.  However,  despite  state  authorization  to  grow  hemp,  farmers  in  these  states  risk  raids  by  federal  agents,  prison  time  and  land  forfeiture  if  they  plant  the  crop,  due  to  the  failure  of  federal  policy  to  distinguish  oilseed  and  fiber  varieties  of  Cannabis  (i.e.,  industrial  hemp)  from  psychoactive  varieties.

http://www.sacbee.com/2011/05/12/3621904/rep-ron-paul-introduces-hr-1831.html#ixzz1MA8Wk3q8

More  information  about  industrial  hemp  legislation  and  the  crop’s  many  uses  can  be  found  at  VoteHemp.com

IMAGINE MILLIONS of Acres of industrial hemp !!!

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industrial hemp

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INDUSTRIAL HEMP: History of Industrial Hemp

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INDUSTRIAL HEMP: History of Industrial Hemp

IMAGINE it being legal to grow Industrial Hemp again here in the United States !

Industrial Hemp was the first plant known to have been domestically cultivated. The oldest relic of human history is hemp fabric dated to 8,000 BC from ancient Mesopotamia, an area in present-day Turkey.

The paintings of Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Gainsborough, etc., were primarily painted on hemp canvas, as were practically all canvas paintings.

Hemp sails and ropes carried the European settlers to America for hundreds of years – 1492 to the advent of steamships in the early 1800′s.

Cannabis hemp was legal tender (money) in most of the Americas from 1631 until the early 1800s. You could pay your taxes with cannabis hemp throughout America for over 200 years.

You could even be jailed in America for not growing cannabis during several periods of shortage, e.g., in Virginia between 1763 and 1767.

HEMPstead, Long Island; HEMPstead County, Arkansas; HEMPstead, Texas; HEMPhill, North Carolina; HEMPfield, Pennsylvania; among others, were named after cannabis growing regions, or after family names derived from hemp growing.

Maps, log books, Bibles, books were all made of rag bond paper that had a high hemp content from recycled clothes of homespun hemp, sails, ropes, tents made of hemp.

Hemp was used for clothing, military uniforms, ship’s rigging, shoes, parachute webbing, baggage, and much more. Christopher Columbus’ ships were fully rigged in hemp. The U.S.S. Constitution, “Old Ironsides,” was outfitted with over 40 tons of hemp rigging.

Benjamin Franklin started one of America’s first paper mills with cannabis. This allowed America to have a free colonial press without having to beg or justify paper and books from England.

It was not just any string that connected Ben Franklin to the clouds above for his famous experiment, it was hemp string.

Thomas Jefferson drafted both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution on hemp paper.

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Hemp Nutrition

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Hemp Nutrition

HEMP SEED: THE MOST NUTRITIONALLY COMPLETE FOOD SOURCE IN THE WORLD

Part One

by Lynn Osburn

Hemp Line Journal, July-August pp. 14-15, Vol. I No. 1

 

 

 

hemp, industrial hemp, nutrition, hemp seed, hemp seeds

Seeds of the plant cannabis sativa, hemp seed, contain all the essential amino acids and essential fatty acids necessary to maintain healthy human life. No other single plant source has the essential amino acids in such an easily digestible form, nor has the essential fatty acids in as perfect a ratio to meet human nutritional needs.

The importance of hemp seed nutrients to human health cannot be fully appreciated without some understanding of bio-chemistry in life. Unfortunately, any attempt to understand the flow of life leads into the realm of the most troublesome of the three infinities — the infinitely complex.

Some deep thinkers believe life is a paradox not to be understood but experienced to the fullest. However, the Sages have said, “Know thyself.” At any rate it is paradoxic to attempt simplifying the infinite complexity of flowing life. Yet, it is far better for the health and development of any thinking and feeling, uniquely individual human being, to pursue knowledge than to lounge in ignorance. Read more…

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HEMP SEED: THE MOST NUTRITIONALLY COMPLETE FOOD SOURCE IN THE WORLD

Part Two: HEMP SEED OILS AND THE FLOW OF LIFE FORCE

by Lynn Osburn

Hemp Line Journal, pp. 12-13,21 Vol. I No. 2

Hemp seed oil comprises 35% of the total seed weight. This oil has the lowest amount of saturated fatty acids at 8%, and the highest amount of the polyunsaturated essential fatty acids at 80%, total oil volume. Flax seed oil comes in second at 72% combined total essential fatty acids.

Linoleic acid (LA) and linolenic acid (LNA) cannot be made by the human body and must be obtained through the diet, so they are called essential fatty acids (EFA). LA and LNA are the most important fatty acids in human nutrition and health. They are involved in producing life energy from food and the movement of that energy throughout the body. EFAs govern growth, vitality and state of mind. Still, much is unknown about their functioning in the body.

Fat is the second most abundant substance in the human body (water is first). The exact percentage varies with diet, exercise, genetic disposition, age and gender. The average is 15% to 22% of body weight as fat. The average adult American eats 135 lbs. of fat each year. That works out to over 50% of all calories consumed. The percentage and types of fats eaten are 34% saturated, 40% monounsaturated and 15% polyunsaturated fatty acids (fats are really fatty acids). Many U.S. health organizations recommend fat consumption be reduced to 30% of calories in the diet, with the fats divided equally between saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Some private researchers believe this is still to much fat in the diet and it will not help to reduce the incidence of fatty degeneration and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Read more…

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Hemp ROCKS !

 Industrial Hemp, Amazing LIFE for You and our Earth…

Yogi Zen Dude

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What is Hemp ~ Versativa

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What is Hemp ~ Versativa

General
Hemp is a variation of cannabis sativa. It is the most useful plant known to mankind. In fact, cannabis sativa means useful (sativa) hemp (cannabis). Hemp is not marijuana.

Hemp is used to make over 25,000 consumer products. From hemp apparel and accessories to house wares and hempseed oil cosmetics, hemp is an eco-shopper's dream. Some of the products made are: clothing, shoes, diapers, rope, canvas, cellophane, paints, fuels, chain lubricants, biodegradable plastics, paper, fiberboard, cement blocks, food, cosmetics, and soap. Hemp is the longest and strongest natural fiber known to man.

Hemp for Food
Hemp seeds are drug-free and extremely nutritious. They can be eaten whole, pressed into edible oil like soybeans, or ground into flour for baking. They are one of the best sources of vegetable protein. Hemp seed has the second highest amount of protein of any food (soy being the highest). Hemp seed protein closely resembles the protein found in the human blood, making it easier to digest than soy protein. They contain a full complement of essential amino acids, essential fatty-acids (EFA'S), and have been shown to lower blood cholesterol and dissolve plaque in coronary arteries. As a supplement to the diet, these oils can reduce the risk of heart disease.

 

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Hemp for Body Care
Hemp seed oil is perfectly suited for hair and skin care. Its nutritional value, combined with its moisturizing and replenishing EFA's, make it one of the best vegetable body care foundations. Hemp seed oil's EFA complement includes polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3, omega-6, omega-9, linoleic acid, and gamma linoleic acids (GLA's). Although they are very effective in skin care maintenance, GLA's are rarely found in natural oils. Hemp is an excellent source of GLA's.

Paper from hemp
There is no tree or plant on Earth capable of producing as much paper per acre as hemp. Hemp paper is naturally acid-free. The oldest printed paper in existence is a 100 percent hemp Chinese text dated to 770 AD. Thomas Jefferson drafted both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution on hemp paper.

One acre of hemp can produce as much paper as four acres of trees. Hemp paper is suitable for recycle use 7 or 8 times, compared to 3 times for tree paper.

The hemp paper process also utilizes less energy and fewer chemicals than tree paper processing and doesn't create the harmful dioxins, chloroform, or any of the other 2,000 chlorinated organic compounds that have been identified as byproducts of the wood paper process.

Hemp was an important source of paper fiber until the early 1900's when chemicals were developed to advance the wood paper pulp industry. Wood pulp paper rode the chemical revolution to its apex before the public health hazards of toxic chemicals were an issue and before the environmental consequences of clear-cutting forests were appreciated.

Hemp is a sustainable, annual crop that is ready for harvest just 120 days after going to seed, compared to trees which take tens or hundreds of years to reach maturity. Further, harvesting hemp doesn't destroy the natural habitats of thousands of distinct animal and plant species.

I LOVE Versativa !!!
 

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Hemp as fuel
Hemp seeds have provided a combustible fuel oil throughout human history. More importantly, though, the same high cellulose level that makes hemp ideal for paper also makes it perfect for ethanol fuel production. Ethanol is the cleanest-burning liquid bio-alternative to gasoline.

Ethanol is derived from plant cellulose. Plants absorb carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight and produce oxygen and cellulose, which contains the sun's energy captured in plant cells. When ethanol combusts, it releases energy, water vapor, and carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide is then absorbed by plants, along with water and sunlight, to create more oxygen and cellulose. It is a clean and sustainable cycle.

Since gasoline engines are a primary source of carbon monoxide and greenhouse gases, alternative fuels such as ethanol could contribute significantly to the rejuvenation of our atmospheric air quality. Hemp provides a sustainable, renewable, and natural alternative to toxic fossil fuels.

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Versativa ROCKS !

P.S. Sign The Petition
Click here to sign the "Let American Farmers Grow Industrial Hemp" petition.

 

 

Blessings of Love ~ Peace ~ Joy and Total Infinite Abundance !!!

 

Marine Phytoplankton & Hemp, Amazing LIFE for You and our Earth…

Yogi Zen Dude ~ Peace Church on Facebook

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Hemp Cars

Hemp Cars, industrial hemp, versativa

Hemp Cars

Cars made with Industrial Hemp.

Hemp Cars, industrial hemp, versativa

Lighter, stronger, energy efficient manifactering.

Hemp is an industrial resource that is banned in the U.S. ~ Sign Petition
Check out this electric car built from hemp plastic.

Hemp Cars, industrial hemp, versativa

Versativa ~ Be part of the Movement to legalize Industrial Hemp !

There are over 25,000 Eco Friendly products made from Industrial Hemp !

The USA is thee Largest Importer of Hemp on the planet…

Lets legalize Industrial Hemp in the United States ~ Sign the petition to be part of the Hemp Movement !

Hemp cars USA made 2012 IMAGINE

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I LOVE Hemp Cars !

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IMAGINE the USA building Hemp cars again like Henry Ford did !

Versativa ROCKS !

Raw Food is a Powerful entry to Spiritual Enlightenment and to bringing a Sustainable, Green Living Way of LIVE to each Soul and our Planet Earth…even small moves in this direction will make a Huge difference.

Blessings of Love ~ Peace ~ Joy and Total Infinite Abundance !!!

Sound Healing for You…

Marine Phytoplankton & Hemp, Amazing LIFE for You and our Earth…

Yogi Zen Dude ~ Peace Church on Facebook

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Industrial Hemp Facts

Facts, cannabis

Why was Industrial Hemp made illegal to grow here in the USA…Big Money…like Hurst and Dupont.

Industrial Hemp Facts

Industrial Hemp Ecology Facts

* Hemp growers can not hide marijuana plants in their fields. Marijuana is grown widely spaced to maximize leaves. Hemp is grown in tightly-spaced rows to maximize stalk and is usually harvested before it goes to seed.

*Hemp can be made into fine quality paper. The long fibers in hemp allow such paper to be recycled several times more than wood-based paper.

*Because of its low lignin content, industrial hemp can be pulped using less chemicals than with wood. Its natural brightness can obviate the need to use chlorine bleach, which means no extremely toxic dioxin being dumped into streams. A kinder and gentler chemistry using hydrogen peroxide rather than chlorine dioxide is possible with hemp fibers.

*Industrial Hemp grows well in a variety of climates and soil types. It is naturally resistant to most pests, precluding the need for pesticides. It grows tightly spaced, out-competing any weeds, so herbicides are not necessary. It also leaves a weed-free field for a following crop.

*Hemp can displace cotton which is usually grown with massive amounts of chemicals harmful to people and the environment. 50% of all the world’s pesticides are sprayed on cotton.

*Hemp can displace wood fiber and save forests for watershed, wildlife habitat, recreation and oxygen production, carbon sequestration (reduces global warming), and other values.

*Hemp can yield 3-8 dry tons of fiber per acre. This is four times what an average forest can yield.

Industrial Hemp Health Facts

*If one tried to ingest enough industrial hemp to get ‘a buzz’, it would be the equivalent of taking 2-3 doses of a high-fiber laxative.

*At a volume level of 81%, industrial hemp oil is the richest known source of polyunsaturated essential fatty acids (the “good” fats). It’s quite high in some essential amino acids, including gamma linoleic acid (GLA), a very rare nutrient also found in mother’s milk.

*While the original “gruel” was made of industrial hemp seed meal, hemp oil and seed can be made into tasty and nutritional products.

Facts, cannabis

 

 

Here you can read the rest of INDUSTRIAL HEMP: More Industrial Hemp Facts

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Hemp – Industrial Hemp and Henry Ford – Cars and Fuel

Industrial Hemp, Hemp, Henry Ford

Hemp – Indusrial Hemp and Henry Ford -

Cars and Fuel

Industrial Hemp, Hemp, Henry Ford

Hemp – Industrial Hemp – Henry Ford #1

Hemp – Industrial Hemp – Henry Ford # 2

Henry Ford – Industrial Hemp, The Fuel of the Future !!!

When Henry Ford told a New York Times reporter that ethyl alcohol was "the fuel of the future" in 1925, Henry Ford was expressing an opinion that was widely shared in the automotive industry. "The fuel of the future is going to come from fruit like that sumach out by the road, or from apples, weeds, sawdust, Hemp — almost anything," Henry Ford said. "There is fuel in every bit of vegetable matter that can be fermented. There's enough alcohol in one year's yield of an acre of potatoes to drive the machinery necessary to cultivate the fields for a hundred years."

Industrial Hemp, Hemp, Henry Ford

Henry Ford recognized the utility of the hemp plant. He constructed a car of resin stiffened hemp fiber, and even ran the car on ethanol made from hemp. Henry Ford knew that hemp could produce vast economic resources if widely cultivated.

Industrial Hemp, Hemp, Henry Ford

Industrial Hemp, Hemp, Henry Ford

Industrial Hemp, TEN Times Stronger than steal !

Hemp, I Love it !

Industrial Hemp, Hemp, Henry Ford

Want some Hemp Products, Want to support and be involved in the Hemp industry ?

Want to be a part of Emproving our Ecology and Economy ?

Join The Hemp Movement Now !

Blessings of Bliss…Ommm Shanti…Ommm…

Greg Lunger

Greg Lunger

Office – 562-343-1186


George Washington Grew, Used and Sold Hemp, Industrial Hemp

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

George Washington Grew, Used and Sold

Hemp, Industrial Hemp.

What is Versativa

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

George Wasshington grew Hemp, Industrial Hemp for the sailing industry, for ropes and sails.

Hemp, Industrial Hemp Fibers, for Hemp ropes.

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

Hemp, Industrial Hemp being harvested years ago.

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

Hemp – Inustrial Hemp History, which George Washington was a part of.

*Hemp has been grown for at least the last 12,000 years for fiber (textiles and paper) and food. It has been effectively prohibited in the United States since the 1950s.

*George Washington and Thomas Jefferson both grew hemp. Ben Franklin owned a mill that made hemp paper. Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence on hemp paper.

*When US sources of "Manila hemp" (not true hemp) was cut off by the Japanese in WWII, the US Army and US Department of Agriculture promoted the "Hemp for Victory" campaign to grow hemp in the US.

*Because of its importance for sails (the word "canvass" is rooted in "cannabis") and rope for ships, hemp was a required crop in the American colonies.

Video about George Washington, and the Industrial Hemp farm he grew hemp on and what he did with hemp.

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

Old Industrial Hemp Farm, perhaps similar to the Hemp Farm that George Washington had.

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

Hemp – Industrial Hemp Scientific Facts Goerge Washington was Aware of.

*Industrial hemp and marijuana are both classified by taxonomists as Cannabis sativa, a species with hundreds of varieties. C. sativa is a member of the mulberry family. Industrial hemp is bred to maximize fiber, seed and/or oil, while marijuana varieties seek to maximize THC (delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana).

*While industrial hemp and marijuana may look somewhat alike to an untrained eye, an easily trained eye can easily distinguish the difference.

*Industrial hemp has a THC content of between 0.05 and 1%. Marijuana has a THC content of 3% to 20%. To receive a standard psychoactive dose would require a person to power-smoke 10-12 hemp cigarettes over an extremely short period of time. The large volume and high temperature of vapor, gas and smoke would be almost impossible for a person to withstand.

*If hemp does pollinate any nearby marijuana, genetically, the result will always be lower-THC marijuana, not higher-THC hemp. If hemp is grown outdoors, marijuana will not be grown close by to avoid producing lower-grade marijuana.

Hemp Farm on the Ten Dollar Bill, Wow, How Kooool is That !!!

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

*Hemp fibers are longer, stronger, more absorbent and more mildew-resistant than cotton.

*Fabrics made of at least one-half hemp block the sun's UV rays more effectively than other fabrics.

*Many of the varieties of hemp that were grown in North America have been lost. Seed banks weren't maintained. New genetic breeding will be necessary using both foreign and domestic "ditchweed," strains of hemp that went feral after cultivation ended. Various state national guard units often spend their weekends trying to eradicate this hemp, in the mistaken belief they are helping stop drug use.

*A 1938 Popular Mechanics described hemp as a "New Billion Dollar Crop." That's back when a billion was real money.

*Hemp can be made in to a variety of fabrics, including linen quality.

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

Lets Legalize the Growth of Hemp, Industrial Hemp in te USA.

George Washington, Hemp, Industrial Hemp

Using Industrial Hemp Products is a Very Green way of Being !

More HEMP info coming…stay tuned !

Want some Hemp Products, Want to support and be involved in the Hemp industry ?

Want to be a part of emproving our ecology ?

Join The Hemp Movement Now !

Blessings of Bliss…Ommm Shanti…Ommm…

Greg Lunger

Greg Lunger

Hemp Eco Life

Office – 562-343-1186